Facts You Need to Know
You've finished your quilt top and you head to your favorite quilt store for batting and backing. You probably know that batting is the bit of fluff or poof placed between the top and back of your project to add warmth. Here are some useful facts to help you shop wisely.
Fact #1: Quilt Sizes are Not Standard
The classic book Quilts! Quilts! Quilts! offers 27 different classic quilt patterns sized from crib to king. A quick review of the crib quilt sizes found a difference of 17 inches for width of a crib quilt and 20" for the length. The smallest crib quilt was 40" wide and 54" long. The largest crib quilt was 59" x 59" square, although one of the crib quilt designs finished at 64" long. Among twin sized quilts, the widths varied by 9" and the lengths by 28". The smallest twin quilt was 64" x 81" and the largest twin ran 75" x 93". Less variation was found for double/queen size quilts. The widths varied by 9" and the lengths varied by 16". The smallest in this category finished at 81" x 81" and the largest at 90" x 90".
Fact #2: Your Batting Needs to be Larger than Your Quilt Top
A survey of experienced quilters found batting should be at least 4" to 12" larger for both width and length than the quilt top. The larger your quilt, the larger the margin required. Why? Because batting is drawn in as the quilting stitches are sewn. The closer the quilting stitches, the more the batt will draw in. A margin of batting is recommended beyond the edges of the quilt top to compensate. The larger the quilt top, the more the batt will draw in. There is nothing worse than quilting a quilt and realizing you don't have enough batting to fill out your borders. Most of the experienced quilters purchase batting that is 6" - 8" larger than their quilt top.
Fact #3: Pre-Packaged Batting Sizes Maybe Too Small
A crib size pre-packaged batt is typically marked 45" x 60." Using an average size crib quilt reported above, 44"x 54," and adding a conservative 6" more to each dimension, the batting would need to measure 50" x 60." Even this average crib quilt would require more batting than comes in a package labeled "crib quilt". Applying this exercise to an average twin sized quilt top of 68" x 90", and adding 6," requires a quilt batt measuring 74" x 96." A twin size pre-packaged batt would again be too small as a common size is 72" x 93".
Fact #4: Batting by the Yard May be Your Best Bet
A double/queen quilt is the largest size where you can use batting on the roll. Batting rolls tend to be 92-95" wide maximum. If the length of your quilt top plus 8" exceeds the width of the batting roll, check on the width. Chances are the width of your quilt top will fit the width of a batting roll. You can measure the length of the quilt top, and add 8" to determine the length or yardage you need.
Fact #5: King Size Quilts need a King Size Pre-Packaged Batt
While batting is produced at many different widths for quilt shops, king size quilts are simply too big to be accommodated by batting sold on a roll. Only pre-packaged batts come sized for a king quilt; 122" x 122"is big enough to accommodate a very large quilt top. From Quilters Corner, Ithaca, NY
Yardage Chart for Backing
Twin: 63x87 - 5 1/4 yards with 3/4 yard for 2 1/2
inch binding [Figure # 1
Double: 78x87 - 5 1/4 yards with 3/4 yard for 2 1/2 inch binding [Figure # 1]
|Figure # 1
Queen: 84x92 - 7 1/2 yards with 7/8 yard for 2 1/2
inch binding [Figure # 2]
|Figure # 2 Queen|
King: 100x92 - 8 yards with 1 yard for 2 1/2 inch binding
|Figure # 3 King|